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This species forms conspicuous macrolichens in association with green algae. It is found in the Neotropics (Central and South America and the Caribbean) and in Colombia occurs in montane to subandine forests and paramos, between 1500 and 4000 m. It is an indicator of well-preserved to little disturbed ecosystems. There are no known uses, but experimental studies indicate a strong antioxidative effect of its methanolic extracts and isolated substances, in particular lobariellin.
Lobariella pallida (Hook.) Moncada & Lücking

[CFC]
Distribution
Neotropical. In Colombia found in: Sonsón (Antioquia), Nazareth, Santa Fe, Sumapaz (Bogotá D.C.), Tunja (Boyacá), Caldas, Inzá, Puracé (Cauca), Chipaque, Coachí, Fómeque, Guasca, Junín, La Calera, San Antonio del Tequendama, Subacoche, Villa Pinzón (Cundinamarca), Pasto, Puerres (Nariño), Toledo (Norte de Santander), Pereira (Risaralda).
Ecology
Symbiotroph - Lichenized. Epiphytic on branches, stems and trunks of shrubs and trees in montane to subandine forests and paramo. Between 1500 and 4000 m.
Conservation
Unassessed.
Morphology
Lichenized. Forming medium-sized to large, conspicuous thalli associated with chlorococcoid green algae and cyanobacteria in small, internal cephalodia. Thalli very loosely attached, with truncate, 10–20 mm wide lobes. Upper surface hypermaculate, pale green to almost whitish. Lower surface pale, white-tomentose. Apothecia common, with orange-brown disc and prominent, lobulate thalline margins. Cortex K+ yellow (pseudocyphellarin A); medulla C+ pale pink-red (gyrophoric acid, methyl-gyrophorate, traces of lecanoric acid).
General Description
Lobariella pallida in a broad sense includes several species, some not yet formally recognized. In a strict sense, the species is recognized by the features listed above. Taxa traditionally included in a broad concept of L. pallida have less dense maculae and/or differ in secondary chemistry. Lobariella pallida is among the lichens first collected by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland during their travels through northern South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador), gathered near the Tungurahua volcano in Ecuador. It was described nearly 200 years ago in 1822, originally as Sticta pallida, by the British botanist William Jackson Hooker, in Kunth's Synopsis Plantarum Aequinoctialium Orbis Novi.

[CFC]
Use Medicines Antioxidant
Part used: Thallus. No direct uses have been reported for this species, but the antioxidative potential of methanolic extracts and isolated substances have been tested. The thallus contains pseudocyphellarin A (cortex), gyrophoric acid, methyl-gyrophorate, and traces of lecanoric acid (medulla), as well as the unknown substance US1 or Lobariella unknown 1, which may correspond to lobariellin. The latter has been shown to be highly effective in preventing oxidative and neurogenerative cell damages and damages to DNA.
Use Environmental Environmental Monitoring
Part used: Thallus. This lichen is an indicator of well-preserved to little disturbed montane to subandine forest and paramo ecosystems.

Present in:

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela

Lobariella pallida (Hook.) Moncada & Lücking appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Phytotaxa, 18: 82 (2011)

Literature

Catalogue of Fungi of Colombia

  • CNALH (2020). Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria. Disponible en: http//:lichenportal.org/cnalh/index.php. Consultado el 3 de Agosto de 2020
  • Lumbsch, H. T., Ahti, T., Altermann, S., Amo De Paz, G., Aptroot, A., Arup, U., Bárcenas Peña, A., Bawingan, P. A., Benatti, M. N., Betancourt, L., Björk, C. R., Boonpragob, K., Brand, M., Bungartz, F., Cáceres, M. E. S., Candan, M, Chaves, J. L., Clerc, P., Common, R., Coppins, B. J., Crespo, A., Dal Forno, M., Divakar, P. K., Duya, M. V., Elix, J.A., Elvebakk, A., Fankhauser, J. D., Farkas, E., Ferraro, L. I., Fischer, E., Galloway, D. J., Gaya, E., Giralt, M., Goward, T., Grube, M., Hafellner, J., Hernández M., J. E., Herrera Campos, M. A., Kalb, K., Kärnefelt, I., Kantvilas, G., Killmann, D., Kirika, P., Knudsen, K., Komposch, H., Kondratyuk, S., Lawrey, J. D., Mangold, A., Marcelli, M. P., Mccune, B., Ines Messuti, M., Michlig, A., Miranda González, R., Moncada, B., Naikatini, A., Nelsen, M. P., Øvstedal, D. O., Palice, Z., Papong, K., Parnmen, S., Pérez-Ortega, S., Printzen, C., Rico, V. J., Rivas Plata, E., Robayo, J., Rosabal, D., Ruprecht, U., Salazar Allen, N., Sancho, L., Santos De Jesus, L., Santos Vieira, T., Schultz, M., Seaward, M. R. D., Sérusiaux, E., Schmitt, I., Sipman, H. J. M., Sohrabi, M., Søchting, U., Zeuthen Søgaard, M., Sparrius, L. B., Spielmann, A., Spribille, T., Sutjaritturakan, J., Thammathaworn, A., Thell, A., Thor, G., Thüs, H., Timdal, E., Truong, C., Türk, R., Umaña Tenorio, L., Upreti, D. K., Van Den Boom, P., Vivas Rebuelta, M., Wedin, M., Will-Wolf, S., Wirth, V., Wirtz, N., Yahr, R., Yeshitela, K., Ziemmeck, F., Wheeler, T., & Lücking, R. (2011). One hundred new species of lichenized fungi: a signature of undiscovered global diversity. Phytotaxa, 18, 1–127. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.18.1.1
  • Moncada, B., Lücking, R., & Betancourt-Macuase, L. (2013). Phylogeny of the Lobariaceae (lichenized Ascomycota: Peltigerales), with a reappraisal of the genus Lobariella. The Lichenologist, 45(2), 203–263. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0024282912000825
  • Moncada, B., Lücking, R., & Suárez, A. (2014). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Sticta (lichenized Ascomycota: Lobariaceae) in Colombia. Fungal Diversity, 64(1), 205–231. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-013-0230-0
  • Nguyen, N.H., Song, Z., Bates, S.T., Branco, S., Tedersoo, L., Menke, J., Schilling, J.S. and Kennedy, P.G., 2016. FUNGuild: an open annotation tool for parsing fungal community datasets by ecological guild. Fungal Ecology, 20, pp.241-248.
  • Perico-Franco, L. S. (2011). Antioxidantes de los líquenes Stereocaulon strictum(Stereocaulaceae) y Lobariella pallida (Lobariaceae) y determinación de su potencial citotoxicidad. Tésis de pregrado, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. 199 p. http://www.bdigital.unal.edu.co/10563/
  • Perico-Franco, L. S., Rojas, J. L., Cerbón, M. A., González-Sánchez, I., & Valencia-Islas, N. A. (2015). Antioxidant activity and protective effect on cell and DNA oxidative damage of substances isolated from lichens of Colombian Páramo. UK Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biosciences, 3(4), 9–17.

Catalogue of Fungi of Colombia
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